Misconceptions About Plastic Packaging and Plastic
Generally the main source of plastic are the residues from petroleum refineries. Only 4% of the total oil produced in the world are used for plastic production. Only 3 % plastic bags are produced.
Plastics are not polluting the environment, people are polluting the environment
Unconscious use by humans and inadequate recycling of plastics adversely affects the environment. It is a result of reduction of natural resources, environmental pollution; rapid population growth, unplanned urbanization and unplanned industrialization. It is injustice and wrong approach to connect to the plastic for the cause of environmental pollution. Therefore, to explain the importance of recycling and to increase consumer awareness of the environment is of utmost importance. In our country, the failure of adequate awareness is the most important problem in this area. As a result, waste are not collected separately from their source and recycling can be expanded.
Petroleum residues that are not used in plastic production and that will
pollute the environment cannot be evaluated, spending of fossil fuels are
reduced and prevention of food losses is provided economically.
World food losses are reduced significantly by using plastic. It should be noted that the energy used for the production of a food is ten times more than the energy that is used for the production of plastic packaging material. By using the plastics as packaging materials food losses that are at 50 % level dropped to the level of 3 % in the United States, Canada and Europe.
Plastic is not waste, it is a valuable material and raw material.
Plastic bags, plastic bottles and other plastic packaging materials protect the environment by recycling. When plastics are re-used or recycled for processing, it protects the raw material resources of plastics, reduces energy consumption in plastic production, extends the life solid waste storage areas, decreares operating costs for solid waste handling and storage area decreases, protects renewable raw material sources, reduces the amount of pollutants discharged from the chimneys and provides protection of energy sources. 95 % energy saving is provided by recycling plastics.
When plastic films are compared with the other packaging materials, they are materials that are the finest and have the least unit weight. In today’s plastic bags, 70% plastic and 50% less plastic is used in garbage bags. Thinner plastic means less energy in production and transport and as a result it means less greenhouse gas emissions. No other branch of industry sources have taken such a way to minimize protection.
In the United Statest, the Progressive Bag Affiliates (Innovative Bag Organization), which is operating under the American Institute of Chemistry, has proved in their research that disposable plastic bags are much more environmentally friendly than paper bags. The reports prepared by the union disprove the thesis that plastic bags caused global warming and environmental pollution. The report shows that disposable plastic bags are materials that consumes the least energy and has the least environmental impact during production, processing and recycling stages.
Developed countries stated that there would be no prohibit to modern approach in dealing with plastic bags and an approach named 3R ( Reduce, Re-use and Recycle ) is adopted. According to other packaging materials less energy is required for the recycling of plastic. Energy that is spent for energy for recycling
500 gramspaper is 91% more than the energy that is spent for recycling plastic.
In Europe, approximately 50% of the packaged goods is packed with a plastic material and the share for plastic in household waste is only 15%. Plastic bags take place in solid waste areas less than 0.5%.
Plastic bags do not remain intact in the environment for centuries as it is believed. It is known that a plastic bag is biodegradable in 8-10 years. With new technology and biodegradable materials this duration can be reduced to 1 year.
Declaring plastics guilty and prohibiting is not a solution.
Particularly, it would be far from rationality to claim that plastics are responsible to increase some diseases in recent years. In order to sustain the life of a human the most needed two things are air and water. Therefore, it would be more meaningful not to search the reasons for the increase of the disease in plastic bags, but to search in these sources. It should be more meaningful to explore the ways how to provide these sources available to the people’s essential needs.
Without educating our people and by thinking that the best approach to solve the problem in this way and does not endow plastic recycling, it will not provide long-term benefit. Today, many municipalities and some institutions do not accept the approach to ban plastic bags. Giving up from plastic bags and proclaim them as the sole guilty will only change the size of the problem and will never be part of the solution. In all countries where plastic bags are sold with money, taxed or prohibited, it is seen that the use of other types of plastic bags has increased at the same time without exception and the total material usage has not declined.
Plastic bags are not prohibited in the European Union countries where community awareness is very high. All of these initiatives were rejected by the European Union Commission while it was contrary to European Union treaty and Packaging Directive. Before making a decision about plastic bags of Prohibiting institutions, it will provide significant benefits for the solution of the problem of current practices in European Union countries.
According to the research conducted in Europe and America, plastic bags are the best choice from an environmental perspective.
According to the research conducted in Europe and America, plastic bags are the best choice environmentally. When plastic bags are used responsibly, they are products which are lightweight, durable, energy requirement is low, affordability is high, reusable and recyclable. Like in all developed countries, the problem rather than the solution side of the plastic bag ban, we believe that it will be possible to spread awareness in society about ensuring efficient use of bags of recycling and environmental protection.
With best regards.